Maria theresa of austria may, 1717 november 29, 1780 was the only female head of the habsburg dynasty. She was named after her greatgreatgrandmother empress maria theresa. Maria theresa, archduchess of austria and queen of hungary and bohemia 174080, wife and empress of the holy roman emperor francis i reigned 174565, and mother of the holy roman emperor joseph ii reigned 176590. Order of maria theresa orders austria imperial europe. Shes a focus of the book, but not the only or even the main focus of the book. The last woman as a leader was during the hapsburg familys dynasty. She also failed to regain it in the seven years war. Maria theresa of austria paperback september 10, 2010 by j. She was married to francis the first, holy roman emperor m. As the only female ruler in the house of habsburg, she was the archduchess of austria and the queen of hungary and bohemia. Culture what made austrias maria theresa a oneofakind ruler. Maria theresa definition of maria theresa by the free. Maria theresa, no longer confident of decisive influence over her son, turned directly to frederick to prevent the emerging conflict.
Reforms in austria s government and army are one part of her plan. In 1740, destiny sweeps the young maria theresa of austria. Maria theresa of austria galeria mesta bratislava, gmb. Maria theresa, german maria theresa born may, 1717, viennadied nov. The enmity of maria theresa of austria against frederick the great of prussia centres on the province of silesia, seized by frederick in 1740. Maria theresa did so many amazing things for austria and thats what makes her a great ruler. To know more about the childhood, career, profile and timeline read on. During her rule she changed the royal palace outside vienna the austrian capital to look much like versailles.
She was able to conclude, with french and russian mediation, the peace of teschen, which left bavaria in its current position, with a small border region going to austria. The making of five images of the habsburg monarchy. There is plenty about maria teresa of austria in marie antoinette. She was the sovereign of austria, hungary, croatia, bohemia, transylvania, mantua, milan, lodomeria and galicia, the austrian netherlands, and parma. Above all it was maria theresas character that is remembered as generous yet courageous. Maria theresa, queen of hungary and bohemia, archduchess of austria, romangerman empress, born 1717. She was the eldest daughter of the hapsburg emperor charles vi who also held the title of holy roman emperor. Called to the throne in 1740, at the age of twentythree, maria theresa was wholly unprepared for the events that were to confront her, and trusting in the honour of her fellow monarchs, the young queen found herself with a virtually.
Maria theresa synonyms, maria theresa pronunciation, maria theresa translation, english dictionary definition of maria theresa. Maria theresa ruled for forty years the wide empire of austria. This book includes a lot aboutthe french royal family and the austrian royal family. France drew up a plan to partition austria between prussia, bavaria, saxony and spain. How did the jesuit order of 1773 effect maria s people. Reign of maria theresa through the end of the holy roman empire 17401806 frederick the great describes his motives for invading silesia. When edward crankshaws maria theresa was published in 1969, it was the first full length study of maria theresa to be written in english for sixty years. Accomplishments she limited the amount of work the nobles.
Maria theresa, archduchess of austria and queen of hungary and. Frederick the second of prussia decided to invade silesia which was an austrian owned place. Fullblooded politician, devoted wife and mothertoall ebook. The loss of silesia remains a very sore point with maria theresa, and much of her policy is now directed towards its recovery. Holy roman empress, archduchess of austria, and queen of hungary and bohemia whose reign was marked by the war of the austrian succession and. Maria theresa, archduchess of austria, and queen of. France and bavaria invaded maria s land from the west. Before charles ivs death, he was the last remaining male of the hapsburg dy nasty. Good books on maria theresa of austria or other european mo. One of maria theresa s greatest accomplishments was her devotion of bringing back the catholic church. Maria theresa of austria 21 march 1801 12 january 1855 was born an archduchess of austria and princess of tuscany. When king charles vi died in november of 1740, she took the hapsburg throne. She was the daughter and only child of archduke ferdinand of austriaeste and his wife.
Brewerward utilizes an easytofollow outline arrangement to trace the thousands of royal descendants of maria theresia and franz i. She was the only woman ruler in the 650 history of the habsburg dynasty. Upon her accession, the war of the austrian succession 174048 erupted. How did the jesuit order of 1773 effect marias people. Maria theresas austria might be a more appropriate name for the work, or the hapsburg empire under maria theresa. May 12, 20 maria theresa walburga amalia christina, archduchess of austria was born at the hofburg palace in vienna, austria on may, 1717, the second and eldest surviving child of holy roman emperor charles vi and elisabeth christine of brunswickwolfenbuttel her only brother died several weeks before she was born and her two younger siblings were sisters. One of maria theresas greatest accomplishments was her devotion of bringing back the catholic church. Vienna itself became an important center for the arts, especially music. Europe good books on maria theresa of austria or other european monarchy i have been watching the wealth tv yes, it really exists series on the hapsburgs. Good books on maria theresa of austria or other european. See all 18 formats and editions hide other formats and editions.
I have been watching the wealth tv yes, it really exists series on the hapsburgs. I also felt, at times, that he was rather stretching a point to give her full marks in her actions. Maria theresa of austriaeste was the last queen of bavaria. She was the sovereign of austria, hungary, croatia, bohemia, transylvania, mantua, milan, lodomeria and galicia, the austrian netherlands and parma. Only a few weeks after maria theresas accession, frederick the great of prussia began a war against the habsburgs in which he was joined by bavaria, saxony, the palatinate, france, sardinia and spain. May 27, 2008 maria theresa 17171780, archduchess of austria, holy roman empress, and queen of hungary and bohemia, began her rule in 1740. Culture what made austria s maria theresa a one of akind ruler. Maria theresa of austria may 1717 29 november 1780 was the only female head of the habsburg dynasty. Maria theresa was the only woman to take the leadership position in over 600 years. Maria theresa has a grand suite, 10 suites and 64 staterooms, all with madetoorder savoir beds of england, highthread count 100% egyptian cotton sheets and european duvets, a menu of pillow options and marblelined bathrooms stocked with asprey and hermes bath and body products. Online shopping from a great selection at books store. She gave austria peace by singing the treaty of hubertusberg with prussia. Dec 18, 2011 in 1751 empress maria theresa established the chastity commission at vienna which lasted until her son, emperor joseph ii, abolished it.
Her full name was maria theresa waburga amaila christina. Focuses on the reign of empress maria theresa of the house of habsburg in austria from 1740 to 1780. Maria anna was maria theresa s first surviving child of other surviving children including marie antionette and ferdinand. Reforms in austrias government and army are one part of her plan. Maria theresa of austria by regine neuhauser goodreads. In 1740, destiny sweeps the young maria theresa of austria to the top of the habsburg throne.
Once again fredrick the second called war against maria theresa called the 7 years war. She married duke francis stephen of lorraine, of france. Maria knew that she had to use her judgment and character to be successful. Fullblooded politician, devoted wife and mothertoall regine neuhauser. In resistance, frederick iis army invaded and claimed silesia. Upon her accession, the war of the austrian succession 174048. The history of a dynasty dynasties benjamin curtis. Alexander mahan, and would make an excellent addition to the bookshelf of anyone with an interest in this fascinating woman. She was the holy roman empress, queen of hungary and bohemia, and archduchess of austria. By marriage, she was duchess of lorraine, grand duchess of. Maria theresa was born on may th 1717 in vienna, austria. Maria theresa was born may, 1717, in vienna, austria.
Sep, 2006 maria theresa was born in vienna on may, 1717. In 1817, she married charles albert of sardinia and subsequently became the queen of sardinia upon her husbands. Its object was indeed not only to suppress prostitution, but fornication generally, and the means adopted were fines, imprisonment, whipping and torture. This book contains the biography of maria theresa of austria, the only female ruler of the habsburg dominions written by j. Archduchess maria amalia of austria, archduchess maria anna of austria, archduchess maria johanna gabriela of austria. Terms in this set 6 why did maria expel the jews from austria. Prentice hall, 1989, 99125 worldcat brown, bruce alan.
See all 18 formats and editions hide other formats and. Theresa blamed her constant pregnancy on why she couldnt be at the battlefield as most children were born during wartime. She was the daughter to charles the fourth, holy roman emperor, elizabeth christine of brunswick wolfenbuttel. France and bavaria invaded marias land from the west.
She is remembered as the savior of the habsburg dynasty she died on novemeber 29. Maria anna was maria theresas first surviving child of other surviving children including marie antionette and ferdinand. Empress of austria maria theresa paved the way for compulsory education in the 18th century, but also persecuted sexual immorality. This made a huge difference by making education required. Failures she failed to hold onto to silesia, having to give it up to prussia. Maria theresa was born on may, 1717 in vienna, austria. Maria theresa article about maria theresa by the free. Maria theresa was one of the last rulers of austrias house of hapsburg and her territory covered vast tracts of eastern europe including austria, hungary, parts of italy, germany, poland, czech republic then bohemia, the former yugoslav countries, and a number of other smaller provinces. See more ideas about maria theresa, marie antoinette and portrait. She was a daughter of ferdinand iii, grand duke of tuscany, and luisa of naples and sicily. Powered by create your own unique website with customizable templates. Maria theresa biography childhood, life achievements. This scarce antiquarian book is a facsimile reprint of the. Called to the throne in 1740, at the age of twentythree, maria theresa was wholly unprepared for the events that were to confront her, and trusting in the honour of her fellow monarchs, the young queen found herself.1527 1278 1041 810 1083 1512 1032 1268 362 316 1490 171 768 1264 873 437 781 1269 331 849 921 865 655 920 1418 1335 725 1135 1266 62 1184 403 524 130 481 448 362 270 1039 118 866 923 916 1425 1376 1227 1207 590 757